Psychiatric disorders and psychological disorders are both types of mental health conditions, but they are often understood to have distinct characteristics and treatment approaches.
Psychiatric disorders, also known as mental disorders or mental illnesses, are medical conditions that affect a person’s thoughts, feelings, behavior, and mood.
They are diagnosed by psychiatrists, who are medical doctors that are trained to diagnose and treat mental disorders.
Psychiatric disorders are often treated with a combination of medication and therapy.
Common examples of psychiatric disorders include schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder.
Psychological disorders, also known as mental health disorders, are conditions that affect a person’s thoughts, emotions, and behavior, but they do not have a clear biological cause.
They are diagnosed by psychologists, who are mental health professionals trained to diagnose and treat mental health disorders.
Psychological disorders are often treated with therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, or counseling.
Common examples of psychological disorders include anxiety disorders, phobias, and personality disorders.
It is important to know that there is often an overlap between psychiatric and psychological disorders, and some conditions may have both biological and psychological causes. The distinction between the two types of is not always clear, and the treatment approach may also vary depending on the individual case and the professional’s perspective.
Psychologist vs Psychotherapist vs Psychiatrist
A psychologist is a professional with a graduate degree in psychology that can diagnose and treat mental health conditions
A psychotherapist is a professional who provides therapy and can be a psychologist or other mental health professional who has received training in psychotherapy.
A psychiatrist is medical doctor who specialize in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental health conditions and have the ability to prescribe medication and perform medical procedures.
Psychologists and psychotherapists are trained to provide therapy and other psychological interventions but do not have the ability to prescribe medication.